If the Fed wants to tighten the money supply – withdraw money from cash flow – it sells the bonds to commercial banks through a retreat operation, abbreviated repo. Subsequently, they will buy back the securities via a reverse-repo and return money to the system. A reverse repurchase agreement is also called Reverse Repo, which introduces into the implementation of an agreement between a buyer and a seller stipulating that buyers of securities who have purchased any type of securities or assets have the right to sell them at a higher price in the future. That is, the seller who will have to accept the higher price in the future. The New York Fed only does rest operations with primary dealers. These are major New York banks that agree to participate in the Fed`s day-to-day transactions. The Fed buys government bonds, mortgage securities or other debt from the bank. In this way, it increases the reserves of the loan banks. This gives banks more money to lend and thus reduces interest rates. For maturity CRR transactions, each counterparty may submit up to two proposals for each forward CRR transaction.
Each offer is subject to a maximum size equal to the total amount offered in a specific CRR establishment and must be subject to a rate that does not exceed the maximum offer rate indicated in the announcement of the conditions of that operation. A retirement activity, also known as pension, PR or sale and retirement, is a form of short-term borrowing, mainly in government bonds. The trader sells the underlying security to investors and, after consultation between the two parties, resells it shortly thereafter, usually the next day, at a slightly higher price. While a retirement transaction involves a sale of assets, it is treated as a loan for tax and accounting purposes. The main users of such an agreement are usually monetary authorities, financial institutions, investment fund companies, sovereign wealth funds, commercial banks, pension funds, insurance companies, etc. The reverse repo rate is mainly used by credit unions to get money from the banking system and to reduce or prohibit the increase of liquidity in the market to control the money supply in the economy. In addition to the use of repo as a financial instrument, “repo distributors make markets”. These traders were traditionally called “matched book repo-traders”. The concept of a match book exchange closely follows that of a broker who takes both parts of an active trade and essentially has no market risk, only credit risk.
Elementary matched book traders engage in both repo and reverse repo in a short period of time and reap the benefits of the silver letter spread between the reverse repo rate and the repo rate. Currently, matched-book repo-traders use other profit strategies, such as.B. inconsistent maturities, collateral swaps, and liquidity management. There are a number of differences between the two structures. A repo is technically a one-time transaction, while a sell/buy is a pair of transactions (a sale and a buy). The sale/redemption does not require specific legal documents, whereas a repo usually requires a framework contract between the buyer and the seller (usually the Global Master Repo Agreement (GMRA) ordered by SIFMA/ICMA). For this reason, an increase in risk compared to repo is associated. In the event of default by the counterparty, the absence of an agreement may reduce the legal position on the recovery of collateral. Any coupon payment on the underlying security during the term of the sale/redemption is normally returned to the purchaser of the security by adjusting the cash paid at the end of the sale/redemption. .