Gender-based violence, including violence against women and girls and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity, is widespread in Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.  Abuses against women and girls in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras are endemic, deeply rooted in social norms, and compounded by widespread violence and impunity in these countries.  Despite some reform efforts in Guatemala, such as. In the specialized women`s courts and special units within the Attorney-General`s Office, enormous obstacles remain for women seeking police, investigative or judicial protection through the courts. Although the ACA implementation plans for the summer of 2019 indicated that UNHCR would operate a “health centre” in Guatemala for transfers, no such centre has been set up.  Indeed, UNHCR said it was “gravely concerned” that the ACA “could lead to the transfer of particularly vulnerable people to countries where they could be exposed to mortal risks.”  Agreements signed by the United States with Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras require migrants heading to the United States to first seek protection in those countries. . . .
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